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罗莹1,2,刘娜2,徐建2,胡秀峰1,许宜平4,金小伟3,*. 我国地表水中磷酸三苯酯的多层次生态风险评估[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2018, 13(5): 87-96
我国地表水中磷酸三苯酯的多层次生态风险评估
A Tiered Ecological Risk Assessment of Triphenyl Phosphate in Chinese Surface Waters
投稿时间:2017-12-07  修订日期:2018-02-01
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20171207002
中文关键词:  磷酸三苯酯  物种敏感度分布曲线  生态风险评估  地表水
英文关键词:triphenyl phosphate  species sensitivity distribution  ecological risk assessment  surface water
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2017ZX07302-001);国家自然科学基金(41673120);国家自然科学重点基金(21437006)
作者单位
罗莹1,2,刘娜2,徐建2,胡秀峰1,许宜平4,金小伟3,* 1. 河北大学 化学与环境科学学院,保定 071000 2. 中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室北京 100012 3. 中国环境监测总站, 北京 100012 4. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
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中文摘要:
      磷酸三苯酯(triphenyl phosphate, TPP)在电缆材料、塑料制品中被大量使用,是地表水中检出频率最高的有机磷酸酯类阻燃剂之一,近年来受到广泛关注。本文通过文献检索TPP的地表水环境暴露浓度以及对水生生物的毒性效应浓度,利用风险商(hazard quotient, HQ)和概率生态风险评价法(probabilistic ecological risk assessments, PERA)对我国主要地表水中的TPP进行多层次生态风险评价。结果显示,TPP在我国地表水中的浓度为0.2~96.3 ng L-1,以生存为测试终点的急性毒性数据推导出的预测无效应浓度(predicted no effect concentration, PNEC)为36.49 μg L-1,而以繁殖、发育和生长等为测试终点的慢性毒性数据推导出的PNEC值为1.30 μg L-1。基于急、慢性毒性数据计算的风险商均小于0.1。我国地表水中TPP对0.1%到1%的水生生物造成繁殖、发育和生长等慢性毒性影响的概率分别为1.40%和0.04%,存在较低的潜在生态风险。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Luo Ying1,2, Liu Na2, Xu Jian2, Hu Xiufeng1, Xu Yiping4, Jin Xiaowei3,*1. College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071000, China 2. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China 3. China National Environmental Monitoring Center, Beijing 100012, China 4. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
英文摘要:
      Triphenyl phosphate (TPP), one of the most widely used organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), has frequently been detected in the environment and biota and received wide attention in recent years. In present research, predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs) for TPP were derived based on acute and chronic toxicity data. The PNECs derived from chronic toxicity data which were based on endpoints of reproduction, development and growth were 1.3 μg L-1 TPP, which was significantly lower than that derived from acute toxicity data based on survival (36.49 μg L-1 TPP). In addition, a tiered ecological risk assessment for TPP to aquatic organisms in surface waters of China was conducted based on concentration levels of TPP in 52 surface waters of 6 major river basins and PNECs derived from acute and chronic toxicity. The results showed that concentrations of TPP ranged from 0.2 to 96.3 ng L-1 in Chinese surface waters,and hazard quotients (HQs) were less than 0.1 based on PNEC derived from both acute and chronic toxicity data. Probabilities of exceeding NOEC based on chronic toxicity for 0.1% and 1% of the species were 1.40% and 0.04%, respectively, which present a lower ecological risk of TPP in Chinese surface waters.
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